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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain. Britain includes Great Britain, Northern Ireland and many smaller islands surrounding it, and it consists of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The capital is London, and this is also the largest city. The main language is English, but there are also other languages like Irish, Scots, Welsh and Cornish.

Britain is a highly developed country, both regarding economy, health and welfare. It was also the first industrialized country in the whole wide world, and the superpower during the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The two World Wars weakened Britain's position in world society, and USA took over it's role. Despite this, Britain still remains as a great power with leading economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. Today, Britain is a member of EU, United Nations Security Council, CN, G8, NATO, the OECD, the Council of Europe and the WTO.